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Parts and Details of a Men's Tie

Construction of a Necktie

A necktie is a complex piece of apparel, although it may not always get the appreciation it deserves, it is THE number one detail to a suit that will make you stand out. It can add color to an outfit and changing just the tie can make the same outfit look different every time you wear it. Understanding the different pieces will make you appreciate a necktie on a deeper level.

The Shell

also known as the envelope, is the main body of the necktie. The quality of the Shell material is one main part of the quality of the tie. Silk is the most popular fabric to be used for the shell, but wool, cotton, polyester or linen are as well popular materials for a tie. The way the shell fabric is cut and folded determines the quality of the finished item.

The Loop

also know as the keeper of the tie, is a small loop sewn to the backside of the tie. Its main purpose is to keep the small end of the tie in place.

The Tip?

The Tipping is the material used to finish the backside of the neckties wide end. Regularly ties are tipped with with a silk or polyester material. You may have seen it containing a logo or brand name. When a tie is self-tipped, the tip is made from the same material as the tie itself. See below image for side by side comparison of a tie with a 'normal' tipping (or designed tipping) and a self tipped necktie.

Please note that self-tipping is an indicator of a high quality tie, but it does not mean that a tie that is not self tipped is of low quality.

A third (but rarely seen) option is an untipped tie. Untipped ties expose the hem, though the hem in itself is finished and therefore tie does not look unfinished.

Image: Regular silk tipped mens tie vs Self-tipped mens tie

The Bar Tack

the one stitch you see on every neckties backside. It holds the two overlapping sides together.

The Interlining

The inside of the necktie. Typically made from wool, polyester or wool blends, the interlining is placed inside the tie before it is folded and sewn. The quality of the interlining as well as the thickness is a crucial part of a necktie. It determines the way the tie will hold up, keep its   shape, how and if it wrinkles and the most important factor of a nice tie knot. Except for 6-fold ties and 7-fold ties, nearly all neckties have an interlining.

The Stitching

To put all pieces of the tie together, stitching is required. Though not very obviously seen, the stitching plays a major role in the overall quality of the tie. A higher quality necktie is hand sewn and contains a slip stitch. The slip stitch is a hidden threat, running down the entire necktie to hold together the two overlapping sides of the tie. As you may know from high quality ties, it is sewn loose so that it won't break or tear from the pulling one does repeatedly to tie and untie the knot.

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